Fight Club: Suffering as a condition of progression
As so often, Slavoj Žižek is right when he says that the real issue of Fight Club is not resistance, but the fact that one has to suffer in order to reach consciousness and freedom. Freedom in late capitalism means first of all taking what is in the way of freedom (“Only after we have lost everything, we have the freedom to do everything”). One must be able to dispense with ideological accumulation and not to define itself over material possessions. Possession was the self of the protagonist, so he had to blast it up in order to reform his social as well as ideal self.
The Fight Club is the interior of man who strictly preserves his mask of hyper-agile consumption in the late capitalist world. This is why the members of the Fight Club never behave as in the Fight Club: “Even if I could tell someone, I would not say it was a good fight, I would not be talking to the same man.” Psychological emancipation means suffering first and foremost to resist inner struggles, which do not stay away when it comes to liberating yourself from alienating master-signifier in self-design. It also means the learning of humility: “First, you must know that you will die once,” says Tyler, as he mourns the protagonist’s hand. Only under death threat does Raymond begin to do what he really wants. The knowledge of mortality is exactly what narcissistic consumerism fades out. Anyone who knows about his mortality is more aware of the basic conditions of his being.
The protagonist is initially a passive consumer who, by reason of his inner emptiness, seeks self-help groups not for self-help, but for the purpose of consumption. The ideology of consumption promises that one must accumulate simply enough to ultimately reach the state of happiness. But this hunt for a material object of desire is no less endless than that for an ideal one, because the material goal is based on an ideal trigger. Precisely because of this search for the ideal in the material phenomenons, the consumerist striving is a reach for the mirror image in the water. It is wiser to recognize the implicit instability of life (“even the Mona Lisa decays”). This role comes to Tyler and between these two poles oscillates the psyche of the protagonist. It is the rationalist “That’s crazy” against the more infallible “Then be crazy”, as the two before their first brawl formulate. In the pub, Tyler says, “All you have, you have anyway.” The subject, so says Jacques Lacan, is constituted by the other. It does not possess, but is based on what is believed in what it means to possess. Within the framework of the critique of capitalistic ideology, this means that from the removal of possession, a new ego formation must first form. And in this sense, Tyler says later, “You are not the car you are driving or the money in your account,” and adds, “You are the singing, dancing scum of the world.” This is entirely Nietzsche’s use of the concept of dance , In Thus Spoke Zarathustra the dance symbolizes the achievement of the goal of having freed itself from all dogmatics and enslaving morals. It is only through chaos that a dancing star can be born, as Nietzsche calls it, and it is only through chaos that the protagonist succeeds in his psychic and social emancipation. This emancipation corresponds to the symbolism of space: the old apartment flies into the air, after which he dwells in a descended mud hole (the house as a classical metaphor for the soul), which also points to the psychic division: “Nothing worked, when a lamp was switched on, another one lost its light “. At the end of the film, the protagonist looks heavily injured and yet confidently on the collapsing capitalist buildings.
The film is filled with many allusions to these circumstances.
- Just as the aspirant has to endure three days, while he constantly gets rejections to be accepted, the struggle against the capitalist system must be sustained despite all hard setbacks.
- After Tyler states in his speech that the war of this generation is a spiritual one, the shopkeeper arrives as a representative of the capitalist property system and threatens the club. Tyler is ready to take all suffering, he fights for his spiritual freedom – and gets the cellar awarded, the suffering has paid off. Of course, he also offers the owner to enter the Fight Club and thus gets out of the system of capitalist ownership .
- The ideological “everything is safe” images in the aircraft become a sign of real hardness by signaling insecurity and threat.
- In the sense of the exclamation “Hands on the steering wheel”, the average citizen wants to be able to control his life and to guarantee his safety – it is about life insurance and a permanent job. But ultimately precisely this security need, which is perceived as an alternative, is a latent enslavement. For this reason, Tyler calls on the protagonist to let go of the steering wheel.
- Moreover, in the overthrow of the capitalist system, it is of great importance to value people as individuals, for they are those who are to be freed from enslavement. So it can not be that there is no name in the “Project Chaos” – Bob has a name.
And finally, the relevance of the imagination remains to be noted: how much we depend on our imagination becomes clear when we consider that Tyler is imagined so that the narrator can make his self progressive.
Fight Club. R.: David Fincher. USA/Germany 1999.